There are three primary techniques used in industrial composting: aerated static pile, in-vessel and windrow composting.
Aerated Static Pile Composting (ASP)
Benefits: ASP composting expedites the pathogen reduction process due to its temperature, moisture and oxygen regulating capabilities. Conveniently, ASP is relatively space-sufficient and actively assists in odour control.
In-Vessel Composting (IVC)
Benefits: In-Vessel composting provides nearly complete control of the composting process. The material is contained within a vessel, undisturbed by its surrounding environment, resulting in less volatility and a consistent finished product.
Windrow composting is the lengthiest of the three industrial composting techniques used primarily for leaf and yard waste to help control odour.
Benefits: Windrow composting is simple to operate, cost-effective, and requires very little infrastructure.
The Bigger Picture
Why is soil reclamation so important? Soil degradation occurs due to natural erosion, urbanization and industrial activity. Soil Reclamation is the process of returning fertility, minerals, nutrients, bacteria, organisms and moisture into disturbed, unproductive land. Re-introducing critical growing factors restores the productivity, ecological integrity and economic value of the landscape.
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